moogladder — Moog ladder lowpass filter.


Moogladder is an new digital implementation of the Moog ladder filter based on the work of Antti Huovilainen, described in the paper "Non-Linear Digital Implementation of the Moog Ladder Filter" (Proceedings of DaFX04, Univ of Napoli). This implementation is probably a more accurate digital representation of the original analogue filter.


asig moogladder ain, kcf, kres[, istor]
asig moogladder ain, acf, kres[, istor]
asig moogladder ain, kcf, ares[, istor]
asig moogladder ain, acf, ares[, istor]


istor --initial disposition of internal data space. Since filtering incorporates a feedback loop of previous output, the initial status of the storage space used is significant. A zero value will clear the space; a non-zero value will allow previous information to remain. The default value is 0.


asig -- input signal.

kcf/acf -- filter cutoff frequency

kres/ares -- resonance, generally < 1, but not limited to it. Higher than 1 resonance values might cause aliasing, analogue synths generally allow resonances to be above 1.


Here is an example of the moogladder opcode. It uses the file moogladder.csd.

Example 547. Example of the moogladder opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac   ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o moogladder.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs  = 1

instr 1

kfe  expseg 500, p3*0.9, 1800, p3*0.1, 3000
asig buzz  1, 100, 20, 1
kres line .1, p3, .99	;increase resonance
afil moogladder asig, kfe, kres
     outs afil, afil

f 1 0 4096 10 1

i 1 0 10


Author: Victor Lazzarini
January 2005

New plugin in version 5

January 2005.

Audio rate parameters introduced in version 6.02

October 2013.