setctrl — Configurable slider controls for realtime user input.


Configurable slider controls for realtime user input. Requires Winsound or TCL/TK. setctrl sets a slider to a specific value, or sets a minimum or maximum range.


setctrl inum, ival, itype


Note that this opcode is not available on Windows due to the implimentation of pipes on that system

inum -- number of the slider to set

ival -- value to be sent to the slider

itype -- type of value sent to the slider as follows:

  • 1 -- set the current value. Initial value is 0.

  • 2 -- set the minimum value. Default is 0.

  • 3 -- set the maximum value. Default is 127.

  • 4 -- set the label. (New in Csound version 4.09)


Calling setctrl will create a new slider on the screen. There is no theoretical limit to the number of sliders. Windows and TCL/TK use only integers for slider values, so the values may need rescaling. GUIs usually pass values at a fairly slow rate, so it may be advisable to pass the output of control through port.


Here is an example of the setctrl opcode. It uses the file setctrl.csd.

Example 833. Example of the setctrl opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o setctrl.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1
  ; Display the label "Volume" on Slider #1.
  setctrl 1, "Volume", 4
  ; Set Slider #1's initial value to 20.
  setctrl 1, 20, 1
  ; Capture and display the values for Slider #1.
  k1 control 1
  printk2 k1

  ; Play a simple oscillator.
  ; Use the values from Slider #1 for amplitude.
  kamp = k1 * 128
  a1 oscil kamp, 440, 1
  out a1


; Table #1, a sine wave.
f 1 0 16384 10 1

; Play Instrument #1 for thirty seconds.
i 1 0 30


Its output should include lines like this:

 i1    38.00000
 i1    40.00000
 i1    43.00000

See Also



Author: John ffitch
University of Bath, Codemist. Ltd.
Bath, UK
May 2000

Example written by Kevin Conder.

New in Csound version 4.06