vpow_i — Raises each element of a vector to a scalar power


Raises each element of a vector to a scalar power


vpow_i  ifn, ival, ielements [, idstoffset]


ifn - number of the table hosting the vectorial signal to be processed

ielements - number of elements of the vector

ival - scalar value to which the elements of ifn will be raised

idstoffset - index offset for the destination table


vpow_i elevates each element of the vector contained in the table ifn to the power of ival, starting from table index idstoffset. This enables you to process a specific section of a table by specifying the offset and the number of elements to be processed. Offset is counted starting from 0, so if no offset is specified (or set to 0), the table will be modified from the beginning.

This opcode runs only on initialization, there is a k-rate version of this opcode called vpow.

Negative values for idstoffset are valid. Elements from the vector that are outside the table, will be discarded, and they will not wrap around the table.

In all these opcodes, the resulting vectors are stored in ifn, overriding the intial vectors. If you want to keep initial vector, use vcopy or vcopy_i to copy it in another table. All these operators are designed to be used together with other opcodes that operate with vectorial signals such as vcella, adsynt, adsynt2, etc. They can also be useful in conjunction with the spectral opcodes pvsftw and pvsftr.


Here is an example of the vpow_i opcode. It uses the file vpow_i.csd.

Example 1050. Examples of the vpow_i opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in
-odac           -iadc     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o cigoto.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform


	instr 1
ifn1 = p4
ival = p5
ielements = p6
idstoffset = p7
kval init 25
vpow_i ifn1, ival, ielements, idstoffset

	instr 2	;Printtable
itable = p4
isize = ftlen(itable)
kcount init 0
kval table kcount, itable
printk2 kval

if (kcount == isize) then

kcount = kcount + 1 


f 1 0 16 -7 1 16 17

i2	0.0	0.2	1
i1	0.4	0.01	1	2	3	4
i2	0.8	0.2	1
i1	1.0	0.01	1	0.5	5	-3
i2	1.2	0.2	1
i1	1.4	0.01	1	1.5	10	12
i2	1.6	0.2	1


Here is another example of the vpow_i opcode. It uses the file vpow_i-2.csd.

Example 1051. 

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac  ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o vpow_i-2.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs  = 1

gifil ftgen 1, 0, 0, 1, "fox.wav", 0, 0, 1

instr 1

ival       = p4				;different distortion settings
ielements  = p5
idstoffset = p6				;index offset
vpow_i 1, ival, ielements, idstoffset
asig lposcil 1, 1, 0, 0, 1
     outs asig, asig

i1	0	2.7	.5	70000	0	;no offset
i1	3	2.7	.01	50000	70000	;add another period of distortion, starting at sample 70000	


See also

vadd_i, vmult_i, vpow and vexp_i.


Written by Gabriel Maldonado. Optional arguments added by Andres Cabrera and Istvan Varga.

New in Csound 5 (Previously available only on CsoundAV)